In the last couple of years, I have had more enquiries about retroactive jealousy than any other subject. Jealousy has always been a complicated emotion. A certain amount of possessiveness is healthy, it is part of what helps us form and strengthen our attachments. We could say it is part of something necessary about committing to a partner.
But for a lot of us, coming to terms with the fact that our partners have had relationships before us, becomes overpowering and difficult. We can’t let it go. We can’t stop worrying about it. It is out of this that retroactive jealousy develops.
I think there are lots of reasons, all of them individual and particular, for why retroactive jealousy comes to dominate so many people’s thinking. It probably doesn’t help that we live in a social media universe. Now we can find out all kinds of things about our partner’s past relationships.
Step 1, stop looking at your partner/s social media
Retroactive jealousy is an obsessional problem. It sits under the umbrella of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD).
Commonly, people will identify that they have become caught up in an obsessive cycle before they recognise it as part of retroactive jealousy.
The sooner you can identify that you are in the grip of an obsessional problem, the sooner you can start to limit the destructive consequences of retroactive jealousy. My work has shown me that often what we call retroactive jealousy relates to problems and issues in our own past. It is more to do with things that have happened to us than it is to do with our present relationship.
Retroactive jealousy fuels an obsessive search for the truth about a partner’s past.
An anonymous client says:
When lockdown began my girlfriend and I both ended up working from home together. I started using her laptop instead of mine. Very quickly I started to log on to her social media accounts and to try to find out things about her past.
I became obsessed with an idea that she hadn’t told me the truth about her old boyfriend. I couldn’t let it go. The more I looked at her Facebook and Instagram pages the more I couldn’t stop myself looking more. It became an obsession. It got out of hand very quickly. I would ask her about him. She couldn’t understand why.
Then I told her I had been looking through her internet history. We had a big argument, she felt I had betrayed her trust. The problem was I was no longer sure I could trust her. It was touch and go whether the relationship would survive. I started to see that I had a problem, and I got help. If I hadn’t I don’t think we would be together now.
I learnt how to spot the signs that my thinking was becoming caught up in obsessive retroactive jealousy based ideas. Learning how to spot that changed everything.
If I can do it, you can too.anonymous
Retroactive jealousy feeds obsessional worries. It can easily become a destructive and negative cycle.
- It is possible to learn to spot the signs that you are caught up in obsessive thinking and to break the cycle before it gets out of control.
- The more we learn to spot the signs of this the more we can start to take back control and start to enjoy our relationships.
Step 2, consider that this may be more about your own problems than it is any indicator of problems in your relationship.
What does retroactive jealousy mean?
In retroactive jealousy, at the beginning of a new relationship, one partner is jealous of their partner’s past relationships and previous love affairs.
Right from the start of a new relationship, there is an insecurity about the relationships the partner has previously had.
‘Even as I meet a new person I am jealous of the people they have known before me. I start to have intrusive thoughts, it interferes with my mental health. I can’t help myself. When they start to speak about their friends or previous partners I can feel it start up. The sense of worry and then jealous feelings. I really struggle to keep them to myself.’’
How to conquer retroactive jealousy
Developing a healthier mindset takes practice
In my work and research I have come to understand that; people who experience this kind of corrosive and destructive retroactive jealousy, are often battling with fears and insecurities about themselves, not other people.
They are battling with feelings that tend to relate to their own earlier experiences rather than being to do with a new relationship. It is essential that we work on overcoming retroactive jealousy.
Step 3, find a confidential and impartial person that you can discuss this with.
Retroactive jealousy and projecting insecurity
One way of understanding the experience of retroactive jealousy is; that the individual is projecting fears and experiences from their own previous experiences onto new relationships.
In the past, the person may have been overwhelmed by experiences of insecurity or may have experienced a traumatic degree of insecurity involving the feeling that they were being overlooked in favour of another person.
- It may be that the person who suffers from retroactive jealousy grew up in an environment where they were the second child.
- They may have had the experience that mother or father preferred another sibling to them.
- They may have had a depressed mother.
- They may have felt that they were never wanted.
Powerful unresolved feelings from childhood
People who experience retroactive jealousy may have grown up with the experience that mother or father weren’t particularly interested in them; that their parents seemed to have a better time without them.
Some people who experience retroactive jealousy may have had depressed mothers or mothers who were always more interested in other people’s children than they were in their own.
There are obviously variations on these themes but they all have in common that they provoked overwhelming insecurities and jealousies that could not be dealt with or properly acknowledged at the time.
At its extreme retroactive jealousy can provoke very disturbing paranoid feelings. Problems such as obsessive compulsive disorder can develop out of these unresolved issues.
Traumatic experiences and retroactive jealousy
It may be that there were traumatic experiences early in life which fundamentally changed the state of security the individual experienced and grew up in.
This may have meant that the individual was left longing for something they could not have; predictable love and care.
In later life, these kinds of fears and insecurities get projected into love relations and become the basis for retroactive jealousy. It can become the basis for obsessive thoughts, for unwanted thoughts out of which a vicious cycle develops.
Furthermore, this kind of destructive retroactive jealousy can undermine the relationships you have with your children. If you experience retroactive jealousy you may experience it in all relationships.
In retroactive jealousy we see these difficult feelings being projected onto the new people that are met. As that happens the jealousy corrodes the confidence in the new relationship. Feelings like; anger, envy, jealousy and insecurity have a destructive effect on the relationship.
The thinking that develops from retroactive jealousy is unhelpful to a long-term relationship.
How to manage retroactive jealousy
It may be helpful to work on these issues confidentially in psychotherapy. Otherwise, they may prove too much for the individual to manage by themselves and they will continue to ruin the chance of having enjoyable relationships.
These kinds of insecurities need to be got hold of and managed so that they cease to exert a destructive influence on the present.
In psychotherapy, an attempt can be made to create a safe space in which the retroactive jealous feelings can be made sense of. In the confidential therapy setting, it may be possible to understand more about the root and origin of these powerful feelings.
- To grasp where they have come from
- What they originally relate to
Doing this may mean that the individual becomes less threatened and dominated by feelings of retroactive jealousy.
In psychotherapy, we try to contain these kinds of destructive feelings. We use the word ‘contain’ to mean that something is being thought about and managed, that we are learning to deal with it ourselves rather than projecting it elsewhere. Not to mean that it is being repressed.
- When we are able to contain a destructive and difficult feeling like retroactive jealousy we limit the feeling’s capacity to run amok at the slightest provocation.
- By containing our feelings we become able to recognise what the feelings relate to and keep them to ourselves.
- We become able to see that the feelings we are having do not in fact refer to the present, but that they refer to past instances in our lives.
- As we recognise this we limit their capacity to exert a potentially destructive influence.
Be careful around alcohol and drugs
It may be the case that people who suffer from these kinds of retroactive jealous feelings should be careful around drink and drugs. Alcohol and recreational drugs both tend to diminish our capacity to retain conscious control and to make sense of things. Alcohol and drugs can encourage these kinds of destructive and threatening projections to occur very quickly. The mind becomes less stable and more prone to irrational thoughts.
Maintaining emotional stability is likely to be helpful and may help you limit the grip of the jealous feelings.
Step 4, remember that developing new and better emotional and psychological habits takes time and patience.
How to manage retroactive jealousy?
- It might be helpful to use a combination of psychotherapy and improved self-care,
- limit consumption of alcohol and drugs,
- Try to remember that the feelings of retroactive jealousy may relate to insecurities in your early years and not to what is happening now.
- It may be helpful to keep a journal, a record of how your emotions change over a period of time. It is something that you can reflect on by yourself or with a psychotherapist or counsellor.
We may not be able to undo the traumatic experience of early years, but through psychotherapy we can learn to understand more about them, to understand that the strong jealous feelings we experience may relate to past events rather than the present, and so limit their capacity to undermine our present relationships.
By containing the negative experience we take responsibility for it and by doing so we can start to live more constructively in the present.
I have twenty years of experience of working with people, many of whom have struggled to manage retroactive jealousy. These are people who have needed to address their experience of intrusive thoughts, thoughts that interfere with their mental health around these subjects.
Giving yourself the chance to speak in a confidential setting may prove helpful, it may be the beginning of starting to work out how to do something that may make you feel better about yourself.
It may give you the chance to develop new and important insights into yourself. This in turn may help you to develop greater confidence and emotional stability.
Contact me to arrange a free telephone consultation to discuss how my approach might help you.
Mobile: +447980 750376